The originality of the vegetation within the „Orheiul Vechi” Reserve lies in its location in a
specific rocky region, located at the intersection of the forest area with that of steppe and forest-
steppe. This determined the formation in this space of a very varied vegetal carpet and of diverse
Within the „Orheiul Vechi” Reserve, various types of vegetation are found: forest vegetation,
steppe, meadow, aquatic vegetation, marsh and petrophilic vegetation.
Overall, the flora of the reserve includes over 500 species of vascular plants, of which 62 are rare
species, protected nationally and internationally. Among them are 17 species included in the Red
Book of the Republic of Moldova, 25 species included in the Red List of Romania, 10 species
included in the Red Book of Romania, 18 species are included in the Red Book of Ukraine.
The European Red List includes 3 species of the flora of the reserve: Genista tetragona, Lilium
martagon (Forest lily), Schivereckia podolica, and 2 species are included in the Convention on
the Conservation of Wildlife and natural habitats in Europe (Bern Convention, 1979).
Plant species included in the Red Book of the Republic of Moldova (2015):
- endangered species: Aconitum lasiostomum, Cotoneaster melanocarpus, Ornithogalum
boucheanum, Sempervivum ruthenicum, Sorbus domestica, Stipa tirsa;
- critically endangered species (CR): Hypericum montanum, Ophioglossum vulgatum,
Paronychia cephalotes, Saxifraga tridactylites;
- vulnerable species (VU): Alyssum gmelinii, Dryopteris filix-mas, Fritillaria, Galanthus
nivalis, Genista tetragona, Polypodium vulgare, Schivereckia podolica.